New information suggests that being out of the workforce, unemployed, or working part time while wanting full time work tend to be a predecessor to developing depression. Those who are not working as much as they would like to and the unemployed are about twice as likely as those who are employed full time to eventually become depressed. Those who are not in the workforce at all are the most likely to become depressed. They average at around 16.6 percent. There is a possibility that there is something about employment that may lead to lower depression rates.
The information is provided from surveys of over 100,000 Americans, which were conducted as part of the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index from Jan 1 to July 25, 2013. Gallup asked Americans if they had ever been diagnosed with depression. If so, they were asked if they currently have the condition. Over 10 percent of U.S adults claim that they have been diagnosed with and currently have depression. This is consistent with the rate provided by the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Gallup further discovered the connection between employment and depression by conducting an analysis of the correlated statistics of depression. That analysis looked at Americans who currently have depression, while also controlling 12 other variables: gender, age, income, race, ethnicity, education, having children, region, marital status, obesity, health insurance, and being a caregiver. This allowed Gallup to be able to examine each of these factors independently in order to determine which one is more closely linked to depression.
The analysis revealed a few interesting statistics that are not commonly considered. Being obese, living in the West, being a caregiver, and not having kids can be shown to have a link towards moderate prediction of depression among Americans. Young adults that are aged 18 to 21 years have a statistic of 5.4 percent being the least likely to be depressed. The depression rate apparently rises as Americans age, which shows a peak at 57 to 60 year old and 61 to 64 year old groups. This is 14.4 percent and 14.2 percent respectively. Afterward, depression seems to cease, lessening greatly by the age of 76 at an 8.6 percent perspective.
Depression has also been shown to decrease as income rises. Americans who earn less than $36,000 annually are three times more likely to be depressed than those who earn over $90,000 per year. Women are twice as likely to say that they have depression and Caucasians are more likely than Hispanics and African Americans.
Ultimately, the survey seems to greatly suggest that those who are employed and able to stay employed are the least likely to be depressed. People who are working full time have a good chance of avoiding depression, especially those who have a desire to stay busy or active. Employment can be a great source of improving self esteem, especially for those who are seeking a way to feel more fulfilled and focused within their life.